Understand How Basement Plumbing Works Before Planning Your New Bathroom

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If you're remodeling your basement to make an extra bedroom or family living area, you may want to add an extra bathroom at the same time. Another bathroom in the house always comes in handy. However, putting a bathroom in a basement is not the same as installing one above the ground. Here are a few things you should know.

Basement Bathrooms Work Against Gravity

The drains and toilets in your house empty into your main sewer pipe because of gravity. The new toilet and sink in your basement will be lower than the sewer pipe, so they won't be able to empty by draining. Instead, the waste and water has to be pumped out. One way to accomplish that is to install a sewage pump system when you put in the bath. Sewage pumps work just like sump pumps that keep water out of your basement. The sewage pump kicks on and pumps waste water up a connecting pipe and into the sewer drain.

Installing A Sewage Pump

Installing a sewage pump is a complicated procedure that makes putting in a basement bathroom more difficult than installing one at ground level. Measures need to be taken to ensure the pump works effectively and that wastes do not flow back into your basement. For this reason, local codes may prohibit DIY installation of a basement toilet.

The first step is to break up the concrete in the floor to install a reservoir that collects water and waste that comes from your sink, shower, and toilet. The tank also holds the sewage pump. When the level is high enough in the tank, the pump is triggered to kick on. When the pump comes to life, it grinds the waste into smaller pieces and forces the contents of the tank up a pipe and into the main sewer drain.

How Sewage Removal Works

A sewage pump is much more durable than a sump pump since it must also move solids along with liquids. Your pump system should work for a long time without giving you trouble, as long as you don't throw other waste into your toilet. The system removes waste in a couple of ways. For one, the reservoir holds onto the water and solids until the level builds up. This allows toilet paper to soften and dissolve. Then when the pump kicks on, the solids are further ground down into smaller bits. If you throw paper towels, cigarettes, dental floss, or other waste into your toilet, it won't macerate during the holding period. When your pump kicks on, it won't be able to break apart the solids as well, and your pump may even be damaged. In fact, when you call for repairs, the plumber will be able to tell if you've thrown trash into your toilet, and it may void your warranty.

Taking care of your basement plumbing system is easy enough if you control what you put into your toilet and drains. The most difficult part of the process is sinking the reservoir into your foundation and then covering it back up. However, once that's done, you'll have an extra bathroom for your family to enjoy, and that's much better than having a basement that is just wasted space.

For more information about sewage pumps, visit Fyle's Honey Wagon.

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